Many people are familiar with the sport of Schutzhund, but most are misinformed. Schutzhund is a great sport where a team competes against a standard. You, your Doberman and your helper make up the team. Contrary to what most people think, Schutzhund is about obedience first, followed by tracking and finally by protection. It is not about "guard dogs" "mean dogs" or aggression at all. It is a sport where you and your Doberman will be very bonded and learn how to read each other very well. A sport you will fall in love with if you ever begin up that path. If you choose Schutzhund, there are many great clubs around to help and support you. to win at this sport takes not only dedication, lot's of practice and training, but a very special Doberman. We have spent our life's savings importing the very best European Doberman Pinschers to have just such dogs. Our Doberman puppies have what it takes. The number one competitors on the world stage seek these lines for their dogs.
Other sports include Rally, Obedience, and agility. These sports also require a Doberman with exceptional athletic ability, solid nerves and focused minds. The Doberman needs to know when to "turn it on or off." They still have to be well behaved, quiet and gentle in the house, but on the competition field they have to light up with energy and enthusiasm. If you are looking to get into these sports, pick your Doberman puppy from Family Dobes, get a good mentor and trainer, and take your place on the podium!
We believe we have the best Doberman Pinschers available for sport.
So what is a SCH-I or an IPO-I title?
Schutzhund is a German word meaning "protection dog". It refers to a sport that focuses on developing and evaluating those traits in dogs that make them more useful and happier companions to their owners.
Schutzhund is a dog training and breeding regimen developed originally in the 20's by the Deutsches Shaeferhund Verein (German Shepherd Dog Club), or SV, in order to maintain the working ability of the breed. While the term Schutzhund means literally "protection dog", the training involves work equally in tracking, obedience and protection. In order to get a Schutzhund degree a dog must pass all three phases of the work. Also, a working title (at least a SchH I) is required for breed survey purposes, and in order to register an approved litter.
The first Schutzhund trial was held in Germany in 1901 to emphasize the correct working temperament and ability in the German Shepherd breed. SV, the parent club of the breed, developed the Schutzhund test as a way of maintaining reliable dogs with traits suitable for breeding.
Many countries and working dog organizations have also adopted Schutzhund as a sport and test of working performance. International rules have been established by the Verein fuer Deutsche Hundesport (VDH). The first SchH trial in the U.S. was held in California in 1970. In 1987 the U.S.A. alone sanctioned nearly 300 trials with a total entry of 1,800 dog/handler teams.
Many breeds now participate in addition to GSDs. While there may be individual dogs of a particular breed that may be suitable for the work, the following are most consistently able to perform: GSDs, Belgian Malinois, Doberman Pinscher, Bouvier des Flandres, Rottweiler, Tervuren, Boxer, Giant Schnauzer, etc. Generally, these are larger working breeds with strong prey and defense drives, and temperaments suitable for the tasks of the training.
There are three major degrees awarded - SchH I, SchH II, and SchH III -- in order of increasing difficulty. SchH I (IPO I) is the apprentice test. A SchH III dog must demonstrate a high level of performance, ability and courage.
The traits that make for a good Schutzhund candidate mostly are innate characteristics that must be bred for. Even among dogs bred out of Schutzhund bitches and dogs, a minority have the ability to reach even SchH I, and a small percentage will have the necessary drive, intelligence and hardness to achieve a Sch III title. In addition to breeding, early development is important. The young pup should not be subjected to strong corrections or experience being dominated by another dog, and all training and play should end on a positive note, with the pup "winning."
The IPO (International Pruefungsordnung) rules, under the auspices of the FCI (Federation Internationale Cynologique), are similar to the Schutzhund rules and the trials are run in the same manner, with the exception that no evaluation of the fighting instincts, courage or hardness of an IPO entrant is performed during the protection phase of the trial.
(The following information on degrees and requirements is from the United Schutzhund Clubs of America)
Degree Min Age BH Begleithunde 15 months (Companion Dog) FH Faehrtenhundpruefung 16 months (Advanced Tracking Dog Test) AD Ausdauerpruefung 16 months (Endurance Test) SchH A Schutzhund Examination A 18 months SchH I Schutzhund Examination I 18 months SchH II Schutzhund Examination II 19 months SchH III Schutzhund Examination III 20 months
The maximum score in each of the three phases shall be 100 points. Therefore, the highest possible score in a trial is 300 points. A degree shall be awarded only if a dog achieves at least 70 points in Tracking and Obedience, and at least 80 points in Protection.
[For the purposes of illustration, I have included the rules for SchH I trials]
Phase A - Tracking
Phase B - Obedience
Heeling on Leash and Impartiality - 15 Points
Heeling off Leash - 20 Points
Sit Exercise - 10 Points
Down with Recall - 10 Points
Retrieving an Article belonging to the Handler on Level Ground - 10 Points
Retrieving an Article belonging to the Handler over a 1 Meter High and 1.5 Meter Wide Brush Hurdle - 15 Points
Go Ahead and Down - 10 Points
Long Down Under Distraction
Phase C - Protection
Search for the Helper - 5 Points
Hold and Bark - 10 Points
Attack - 35 Points
Pursuit and Hold - 50 Points
Schutzhund: Theory and Training Methods by Susan Barwig and Stewart Hilliard. 1991 Howell Books ISBN 0-87605-731-8
Training the Competitive Working Dog by Tom Rose and Gary Patterson 1985 Giblaut Publishing Company 3333 S. Bannock, Suite 950, Englewood,CO 80110
The Rose book is getting obsolete, particularly the obedience section (Tom now uses much more motivational techniques) but here is still a lot of good theory and practical exercises.
Many people have a misconception of what a well trained Schutzhund dog should be. This came out in the 2008 international Judge meeting of what a great dog looks like on the field:
2008 WUSV Judge's Meeting
September 24, 2008
USA Director of Judges, Mark Przybylski, attended the 2008 WUSV Judge's Meeting in Darmstadt, Germany. There were 59 Judges there from 30 different countries. The emphasis on the meeting was strongly geared to rules applications, evaluation of exercises, and point assessment based on quality of work, training, and behaviors. This meeting emphasized proper judging in accordance with the current rules.
The dog's temperament must be tested throughout. It starts at the
beginning. It is strongly recommended that we use many of the adjective
descriptors available to us to note what the animal demonstrates from the onset.
This will help place the dog in the appropriate category and rating. In order
for the dog to receive an excellent rating he must demonstrate the following;
This eliminates the type of dog we saw of yesteryear where they were correction and compulsion trained and are working to beat the correction.
Cindy Moore, firstname.lastname@example.org
Internationally Recognized Working Titles (SV/FCI)
|SchHA||Novice Schutzhund obedience and protection|
|Bh||Basic companion dog - traffic sureness|
|SchH1||Novice Schutzhund qualification in tracking, obedience, and protection|
|SchH2||Intermediate Schutzhund qualification in tracking, obedience, and protection|
|SchH3||Masters level of Schutzhund tracking, obedience, and protection.|
|FH2||Superior tracking qualification.|
|IPO1||International Novice Schutzhund trial qualification.|
|IPO2||International Intermediate Schutzhund|
|IPO3||International Masters level Schutzhund|
|BpDH1 2||Railroad Police Dog|
|BIH||Blind Leader Dog|
|DPH||Service Police Dog|
|PFP1 PFP2||Police Tracking Dog|
|PH||Police Dog (obtained through the Danish Politihundeforeningen, a police dog association open to civilians)|
|PSP1, 2 3||Police Guard Dog|
|ZFH||Customs Tracking Dog|
|ZH1, 2 3||Customs Dog|
|Africa||IWT 1, 2,|
|Austria||SchH1, 2 3 and FHA 1, 2, 3|
|Belgium||Cereco1, IWR1, 2 3 equivalent to IPO1, 2 3|
|Czech Republic||ZVV1, 2 3 equivalent to SchH1, 2 3|
|Denmark||BHP1, 2 3 equivalent to SchH1, 2 3 and SPH equivalent to FH|
|England||PD (Police Dog)|
|Finland||SK1 equivalent to IPO1|
|Holland||VH1, 2 3 equivalent to SchH1, 2 3 and SPH equivalent to FH|
|Hungary||SZL1, 2 3 also ZVV1, 2 3 equivalent to SchH1, 2 3|
|Italy||Brevetto 1, 2 3 equivalent to SchH1, 2 3|
|Poland||ZVV1, 2 3 equivalent to SchH1, 2 3|
|Switzerland||SchH, SchHB, SchHC; CHD1 equivalent to SchH1|
|Yugoslavia||CAB1, 2 3 equivalent to SchH1, 2 3|
AD - Agility Dog
AD - Endurance Test
AAD - Advanced Agility Dog
AX - Agility Excellence - A Title conferred on dogs for qualifying the requisite number of times in the Agility Excellent class at AKC agility trials.
Angekort - Awarded to a dog which has passed a Korung conformation test.
B or BH - This is a requirement for Schutzhund or Tracking. The dogs perform several obedience exercises and show that they have good temperament around other dogs, people, under distraction etc.
BFL - Bred for Longevity
BISS CH - At a Specialty Show, the only dog left undefeated at the end of all judging on that day.
BIS CH - At an all-breed show, the only dog left undefeated at the end of all judging on that day.
BdSg Bundessieger - A very prestigious title awarded in Europe, to the winner of an important statewide conformation competition.
CAC - Certificato di Attitudine al Campionato
CACIB - Certificato di Attitudine al Campionato Internazionale di Bellezza Certificate of achievement of International Championship in conformation. Several are required to obtain the CH title.
CH - Champion
CD - Companion Dog
CDX - Companion Dog Excellence
CGC - Canine Good Citizen
CT - Champion Tracker
DVSG - Dobermann Verein Sieger - German Dobermann Club Winner, a dog which has defeated all other entries at a Dobermann-only conformation show in Germany.
Euro-CH - European Champion
EURO-SG - Europa Sieger - A dog which has won over all other entries at a large Europe-wide conformation show.
FH - Fahrtenhund - The title awarded at a Schutzhund trial to a dog successfully performing advanced tracking exercises.
DUT-CH - Dutch Champion
GER-CH - German Champion
IDC-SGR - International Dobermann Club Sieger A dog which has beat each of the other entries at an International Dobermann Club conformation show.
IPOI IPOII IPOIII - Internationale Prufungsordnung Much the same as the Schutzhund, awarded to dogs successfully competing in the Tracking, Obedience and Protection phases of the event. Three levels of difficulty are offered, with III being the highest.
Int'l CH - International Champion - Championship awarded to dogs having competed and earned championship certificates under several European judges at International conformation shows.
KKL I AND II - Korklasse I and II - Highest level and the most prestigious conformation title awarded in Europe to dogs which meet strict conformation and temperament tests along with other requirements.
Korung - Korung testing is used in Germany is to set standards for Dobermans. They test character, performance, anatomical characteristics for maintaining and improving the breed. Dogs must be at least 2 years of age, have SchH1 or IPO1. Proof of AD test (endurance), have a-stamp or OFA of hips and have a show rating of at least good(SG). Your dog can be tested at two years of age or older for the first time with the above qualifications, then after first breed survey they have two year to get deferred or get there second breed survey done for life or they must start over, this rules are set by the SV in Germany. KKL1 or KKl2, KKL1 is the very best Korung rating.
LC - Longevity Certificate
NOR-CH - Norwegian Champion
MAD - Master Agility Dog
MX - Master Agility Excellent
OFA - Orthopedic Foundation For Animals
OTCH - Obedience Trial Champion - AKC title, dogs which have attained the highest title in obedience competition, as well as having continued to compete until accumulating 100 points by placing first or second at obedience trials.
SAR - Search and Rescue
Sch I SchII SchIII - Schutzhund - Awarded to dogs who successfully competing in all 3 phases of a Schutzhund. Tracking, Obedience and Protection.
SWED-CH - Swedish Champion
TD - Tracking Dog
TDX - Tracking Dog Excellent
ThD - Therapy Dog Test
TT - Temperament Test
UD - Utility Dog
UDX - Utility Dog Excellence
UDTD (UDT) - Utility Dog Tracking Dog
UDTDX - Utility Dog Tracking Dog Excellent
UDXTDX - Utility Dog Excellent Tracking Dog Excellent
UDVST - Utility Dog Variable Surface Tracking
UDXVST - Utility Dog Excellent Variable Surface Tracking
V-Rated - Vorzuglich Rated Highest rating awarded to dogs in the conformation evaluation at European or International shows.
V-1 - Vorzuglich Dog receiving the highest conformation rating and placing first in his class.
V-B - Verkehrssicherer Begleithund Similar to BH with more demanding Traffic sureness requirements.
VDH-CH - Verein des Deutschen Hundewesens Champion The Championship awarded by the German All Breed Kennel Club.
VDH-SGR - Verein des Deutschen Hundewesens Sieger The Dog placing above all other entries at a German Kennel Club All Breed conformation show.
WELT-SGR - Welt Sieger Winner of highest honors, beating all other entries at a World-wide all-breed conformation show.
WAC - Working Aptitude Certificate A US title, issued by the Doberman Pinscher Club of America. The test consists of several testing situations, including reaction to a peculiar and threatening stranger, changes in footing, crowds of people, etc. Similiar to the CKC CGC test.
WAE - Working Aptitude Evaluation
ZTP - Fit for Breeding testing
AKC - American Kennel Club - American All-Breed Purebred dog registry.
CKC - Canadian Kennel Club - The Canadian Kennel Club is the primary registry body for purebred dogs in Canada.
FCI - Federation Cynologique Internationale - Based in Belgium, FCI licenses international shows in its 72 member countries, including the well-known annual World Show. FCI maintains breed standards for all its 341 recognized breeds. It does not operate a registry but accepts pedigrees for show purposes from the registries of its member countries. FCI has a reciprocal agreement with the AKC, the Canadian Kennel Club, and The Kennel Club (England), which are not members.
NADSR - North American Dog Sports and Registry was founded with the idea of promoting obedience, workability, health, and the owner/canine relationship. NADSR offers an alternative to other registries because we supply the owners and their dogs with the opportunities and tools to build a strong respectful relationship.
UKC - The United Kennel Club, the second oldest purebred dog registry in the US. UKC was founded in 1898 by Chauncey Bennett, a dog fancier who wanted a registry that concentrated on the working ability of dogs as well as their adherence to a physical standard.
Send mail to
questions or comments about this web site.